Abnormal Heart Rhythm (arrhythmia)
The actual incidence of arrhythmia is unknown because sometimes it occurs without any symptoms. Besides that, arrhythmias may be transient. Even when detected, not every arrhythmia requires surgery, sometimes drug therapy (short or long term) is sufficient. Surgery is indicated only if drug therapy is confirmed to be ineffective. Oftentimes, arrhythmias which require surgery arise as complications of a major surgery for congenital heart defects.
The nature of surgical treatment consists in normalization of the heart rhythm either by destroying the arrhythmic focus (neutralization of cells causing the arrhythmia by using special conductors and electrodes — radiofrequency ablation), or by implanting a pacemaker which forces the heart to beat in the “right” rhythm. In cases of complicated arrhythmia it is necessary to implant a cardioverter-defibrillator which automatically recognizes life threatening rhythm abnormalities and emits the necessary discharge (in essence this is the same heart defibrillator which is shown in movies during resuscitation).
The cost of necessary medical instruments for radiofrequency ablation (RFA)ranges from 93,900 to 500,000 rubles, the cost of a pacemaker — from 100,000 to 350,000 rubles, a defibrillator — from 600,000 to 700,000 rubles depending on the model, manufacturer and the nature/extent of the arrhythmia.
We currently provide assistance in purchasing medical instruments for correction of arrhythmia for children who are being treated at 14 Russian medical institutions. The list is constantly growing.